I’ll never forget how wistful my Malaysian cardiologist was when he found out that I was from Indonesia and that we now have Jokowi as the President.
“He seems a good guy, isn’t he?” he said of Jokowi as I lay prone and half naked on the examination table.
“Yes he is,” I said.
“Ah, if only we can have a leader like that, simple, honest, straightforward…” he said as his stethoscope hovered over me and his mind conjured up the same qualities for his national leader.
Then he looked sad as reality bit. “Too bad, we can only dream what you have in Indonesia…” Perhaps he was conjuring images of his own leaders?
The sad thing about my cardiologist is that he is not alone among Malaysians. In my last trip back a few weeks ago my friends and acquaintances also reflected this sentiment. It seems that they are close to despair that the winds of change that have prevailed in Indonesia will ever reach them.
This despair is understandable though when you look at Malaysian society today and how religion, mainly Islam, is being used by an increasingly emboldened group to assert the superiority of the Malays overt the Chinese and Indians in Malaysia.
These groups have tacit, and sometimes not so tacit, backing from the Government and the ruling Umno party. A bit like the FPI (the Islamic Defenders Front) in Indonesia during the previous administrations.
Before the changes that swept the likes of Jokowi, Ahok, Riduan Kamil and other progressive leaders to power in national and municipal governments. The only power centre was the Government, made up of political brahmins out to rip off the country.
As the main interest of these brahmins was to enrich themselves by securing their political positions, they tacitly, and sometimes not so tacitly, supported organisations like the FPI and Laskar Jihad, essentially thuggish gangs abusing the name of Islam as a cover for their extortion, intimidation and coercion of others, Muslim or not.
During Ramadhan the FPI would, for instance, conduct raids on licensed drinking establishments and turn those places upside down — unless they were paid protection money.
At other instances, depending on who paid them, they would harass whatever targets even to them.
For a long while many Indonesians despaired but there was little they could do. The police was reluctant to move against these organisations as they knew that their political masters were behind them. Companies went unheeded or left to wither in some mouldy file on some dusty desk.
Many Indonesian Muslims also felt trapped as to criticise them could be construed as criticising Islam. All a bit like Malaysia today, you just have to substitute the names of the organisations into Perkasa and other Malaysian organisations.
But while Malaysia still wallows in this unhappy state of affairs, Indonesia has moved on and have called the bluff of the bullies.
Jakarta Vice Governor Ahok, an ethnic Chinese and Christian, has borne the brunt of the FPI’s wrath over the past few months as they sought to block his swearing in (they didn’t succeed. He was sworn in yesterday). They called him an infidel and other names and say that he should not be allowed to lead Muslims.
But instead of keeping quiet or avoiding the issue Ahok has done something really brave. he took the FPI full on head-to-head. He has now filed a complaint with the Home Ministry asking that the Government ban the organization.
But what is heartening to note too in Indonesia is how the ordinary Muslims from all sectors of society are also speaking up against these self-proclaimed defenders of Islam and Islamic values.
All over social media, in small protests and in social settings they are making their voice heard that the real Islam is one of compassion, tolerance and understanding – and the FPI do not represent them.
It is through widespread groundswells like these that the tyranny of bullies like the FPI can be checked. Wouldn’t it be great if such groundswells can take place in Malaysia as well?
If ever Indonesians can feel proud indeed today. The leadership appears to be charismatic, decisive, clean and good at PR. And Ahok taking FPI head on is great. Apparently there’s a genuine revolutionary change of political culture for the better In Jakarta. Inspired by a bunch of new styled politicians indeed.
Yet, the change is still in it’s early stages. Most likely the new team will not be able to meet all unrealistic high hopes of the moment. I’m afraid the dragons, the fossils the New Order, are still alive and kicking.
This is a good read.
From a neighbourly distance Indonesia does appear to be in a good place however, talk to anyone who has done or is doing business there, who has set up or explored setting up a company and they will tell you corruption is endemic.
I believe the social, financial and political revolution that has swept through Indonesia began in 1998-99 after Habibie negotiated the fourth IMF bailout. Many of the banking reforms initiated in the early 2000s saved Indonesia from a repeat of 1998 in 2008. It takes time for such efforts to make an impact but I believe it has made the country and her people stronger and more confident.
And that confidence is lacking in Malaysia on the whole (it’s different in East Malaysia where politicians are more self assured and principled) but things are changing. It’s a small sign but the recent ‘I want to touch a dog event’ was a phenomenal success with many Malaysian Muslims – who are taught from an early age that dogs are bad with being given a reason – supporting the event. I don’t think this would have happened 5 years ago but I believe it shows a more mature outlook amongst the Malays.
Other social signs of change are also there and politically Malaysians are changing. Let’s not forget that in Semanunjang the ruling party actually lost the popular vote.
The point I’m trying to make is that yes those in power do seem to be afraid of the right wing religious groups trying to stir things up but I believe that many Malaysians are increasingly ignoring them.
Good summary. V helpful.
Like your wistful cardiologist, how I wish the Malaysians would stand up to all the bigotry and make their stand known.
How did the change happen there and do you think the same methodologies can be implemented here?
I get much the same questions and comments when I go back to Malaysia.
So many Muslims use Islam as a vehicle for their cause. Nothing more irritating that mixing Islam with politics or racism, gangsterism, and other isms.